Here we will talk about India such as the history Facts of India. The best place to visit in India and Indian Independence Day. Also, 52 interesting historical facts about India.
After China, the world’s most populous country, India is located in the continent of Asia. It is known all over the world for its old culture and religious characteristics. It is also called the “Earth of Gods” because most of the Gods were born in India. And people here have a different faith in God. So in today’s article, we will learn about such fun facts about India. So let’s start.
Brief History Facts of India
The name of this country in English is derived from the Indus River, around which the early civilizations lived. The official name of India in Sanskrit is ‘Republic of India’ which today people only call India. The capital of India is Delhi.
First, the invaders of Iran used Sindhu as Hindu and from that name, India was named “Hindustan”. India was also known as the “gold bird” because there was so much gold in India at that time.
It is believed that the history of India is very old. The oldest known modern human lived in South Asia around 30,000 years ago.
Some evidence from the period after “6500 BCE” such as evidence for animal domination, storage of food crops, permanent structures, and storage of agricultural surcharges have been found in many places in Mehrgarh and Baluchistan. This shows that the Indus Valley Civilization gradually developed here.
The Indus Valley Civilization of India is considered to be the most developed civilization in the world. Archaeological evidence shows that this civilization was around 1900 BC. That was spread in present-day Pakistan and the Indian areas around the Indus Valley.
According to the prevailing views of Western scholars of the 19th century, a class of Aryans reached the borders of the Indian subcontinent around 2000 BCE and first settled in Punjab, and it is here that the Rigveda verses were composed. After this, a developed civilization was also formed in north and central India which was developed by the Aryans and also known as the Vedic civilization.
The language of the people of the Vedic civilizations was Sanskrit and the religion “Sanatana Dharma” and later foreign invaders gave this religion the name “Hindu” which is still going on.
Most scholars consider the period of Vedic civilization from 2000 BCE to 600 BCE, but many remains associated with Vedic civilization have been found in the remains found from new archeological excavations. On the basis of which some modern scholars believe that the people of Vedic civilization belonged to India. Indian origin and the Rigveda must have been composed in 3000 BC, as no evidence of the entry of the Aryans into India has been found.
The recent discovery of the Saraswati river by the Archaeological Council of India has given a new perspective about the Vedic civilization, the Harappan civilization, and the Aryans.
The Harappan civilization has now been renamed as the “Indus-Saraswati” civilization, as out of the approximately 2600 settlements of this civilization, there were only 245 settlements on the Indus coast, while the remaining settlements have been discovered on the banks of the Saraswati River. The Saraswati River was a very large river.
Jainism and Buddhism became very popular in the 8th century BC. Ashoka (245–261 BCE) was a very powerful and important king of that century whose empire was very much spread.
After the Vedic era, sixteen great powers existed during the lifetime of Lord Gautama Buddha. Those who were called Mahajanapadas.
In the eighth century, Sindh became the suzerainty of the Arab invaders. Which is also considered the accession of the rule of Islam. And by the end of the 12th century, the throne of Delhi was occupied and ruled by Ottoman slaves, who ruled Delhi for a long time.
At that time there were two Hindu kingdoms in South India called Vijayanagar and Golconda. In 1557, the city of Vijay came to an end.
After this, the Mughal King Babar who came from Central Asia took refuge in Kabul in 1526 and invaded India, which established the Mughal dynasty which lasted for the next 300 years.
British Rule and India Independence Day
After the Mughal, Europeans started coming to India for trade in the 15th century. The British drove out the Dutch, Portuguese, and Franciscans, ensured the right of trade over India, and came to power after crushing the 1858 rebellion.
After SK, the British ruled India for nearly 200 years and kept India as a slave. India got independence on 15 August 1947 in which some non-violence based movement of Mahatma Gandhi was contributed and important contribution of many patriots of India like Bhagat Singh, Subhash Chandra Bose, Raj Guru, Sukhdev, etc.
This 15 August day is celebrated here every year as “India Independence Day”. This day is Since then, democratic rule has been in force in India. At the time of independence, India was partitioned which led to the birth of Pakistan and both countries remain tense on issues including Kashmir.
Amazing facts about india most visited Places
There are some most visited places in India where millions of people came to visit every year.
1. Taj Mahal
“Taj Mahal” is the beautiful place in India which is most visited by tourists. The Taj Mahal is located on the southern bank of the Yamuna River in the city of Agra, India.
It is an “elephant-white marble” mausoleum, built in 1632 by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan as the tomb of his most favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal.
It took about 20000 workers to build the Taj Mahal. After it was built, Shah Jahan had all the workers cut off hands so that no other Taj Mahal could be built.
Its four outer pillars have been constructed in such a way that whether there is an earthquake, storm, or flood, but these columns will never fall towards the building of the Taj Mahal, they will always fall on the outside.
2. Leh Ladakh
Leh Ladakh was earlier a part of “Jammu and Kashmir” but was separated in 2019. It is a very prominent tourist destination of India which is famous all over the world due to its charm, magnificent landscape, amazing people and culture. It is also known as the paradise of the earth because with its natural scenery, it affects tourists a lot.
3. Kashmir Valley
It is located in “Jammu and Kashmir”. It is one of the very beautiful tourist places which is located in India. It is also like heaven on earth, where one always sees its evergreen landscape and snow-capped mountains. This very beautiful place is naturally very beautiful. If someone wants to travel to Kashmir Valley, one should do it between the months of March and October.
4. Mount Abu Rajasthan
Mount Abu is also one of the most visited places in India. A good time to visit this amazing place is during summer. There is a Dilwara Temple of Jain and Nikki Lake which are some of the best places to see here.
5. Hawa Mahal
It is located in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India was made in 1799 with red and pink sandstone, which was built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh, grandson of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh.
It is also one of the most beautiful and most visited places in India, as the place has a lot of beaches on the Mandovi River, a vibrant nightlife, the biggest churches, monuments and furthermore Portuguese culture.
7. Red Fort
This historic fort is in Delhi, India, which has been the residence of all the emperors of the Mughal dynasty.
8. Mansuri Uttarakhand
Mansuri is known as the ‘Queen of Hills’ which is located in Uttarakhand. Ooty is the best place for those who are mountain lovers and also lovers of the natural. After coming here, no traveler is ever disappointed because this place makes the journey of all tourists memorable. Uttarakhand is known for its spectacular views of tea plantations, Nilgiri hills, and waterfalls.
9. Khajuraho Temples
Khajuraho, located in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, has 20 temples, whose erotic sculptures and wall paintings are famous all over the world. The name of this place is included in the list of world heritage sites and popular tourist destinations of India.
10. Qutub Minar
It is a tower located in the Mehrauli area of Delhi which is included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. It is also the longest constructed building in India which was constructed in about 75 years.
1). India has not attacked any country in the history of its last 100000 years.
2). About 5000 years ago, when all the people were nomadic forest dwellers, the Indians first established the Indus Valley Civilization.
3). Sri Jagannath Temple is located in Puri, Odisha. One special thing about this temple is that from whichever side you see the Sudarshan Chakra at the top of it, you will see it facing on your side.
4). According to research, it was discovered that India came first in the whole world in controlling the coronavirus.
5). Chess was discovered in India.
6). It has been told by NASA that the Sanskrit language of India is a very high-level scientific language. Because they believe that if they send coding in some other language then reaching the receiver changes considerably and there is no change in coding when reaching the receiver in the Sanskrit language.
7). It is believed that the science of India was so developed even several thousand years ago that even today, 600 years ago, a sage named Tulsidas told the distance between the sun and the earth. He told this distance by 1 verse of “Hanuman Chalisa” written by him, which is written below.
“Yug Sahastera Yojana Par Bhanu, Leeyo Taahi Madhur Phal Jaanu.”
In Sanskrit Yug is = 12000 years.
Sahasra = 1000 years.
And Yojana = miles.
Yug x Sahastra x Yojana = 12000 x 1000 x 8 = 96,000,000 miles or 15.36 Million km which is very close to the distance taken by NASA.
8). The game of Snakes and Ladders, created by the poet-saint Gyan Dev in the thirteenth century, was originally called “Mokshapat“. Stairs in this game represent blessings to success, meaning if someone does good deeds, he gets a boon while snakes represent punishment, which means if someone pumps, he gets punished. The game was previously played with rump and dice and subsequently, many changes were made to the game, but the meaning remained the same.
9). Jantar Mantar, built in 1724 by Sawai Raja Jai Singh in Jaipur, is the world’s largest stone-built observatory.
10). Bhaskaracharya calculated the exact time taken by the Earth to revolve around the Sun several hundred years before astronomy. According to Bhaskaracharya’s calculation, it takes 365.258756484 days for the Earth to revolve around the Sun.
11). The world’s largest river island “Majuli” is in India.
12). Algebra Mathematics, trigonometry, and calculus were discovered in India only. Also, India gave the concept of ‘zero’, the most important number in mathematics.
13). India has the largest Montessori school in the world. It is the City Montessori School of Lucknow, which has a student strength of about 26000.
14). India exports the largest banana in the world. Brazil is in second place.
15). India has the highest milk production in the world.
16). India has the highest number of vegetarians in the world.
17). The Himalayas are located in India. Also, the mountain ranges here extend for a distance of about 1500 miles with an altitude of 23, 600 feet.
18). Vishnu Temple at Tirupati is the only temple in the world where the most devotees visit. It is also visited by devotees from Vatican City and Mecca-Medina.
19). Kumbh Mela is held in Allahabad afterevery 12 years. It is the only fair in the world where the most devotees come.
20). Brihadeeswarar Temple is the first granite temple in the world which is in Tanjore, Tamilnadu. Here Nandi is the biggest idol of Lord Shiva riding. It is constructed from a single stone and is about 6.5 feet in height and 19.685 feet in length.
21). The highest cricket stadium in the world is in Himachal Pradesh. If we see its height from the sea level, then it is about 24 thousand meters.
22). Until 1896, India was the only source of diamonds and in modern times, India ranks third among the largest consumer countries of diamonds. While the US is in the first place and Japan at the second place.
23). The largest democracy in the world is in India. India has the largest number of voters in the world and most of the expenditure in elections is also done by India.
24). India is at the forefront of buying gold in the world. Gold is considered a part of the culture of India. Gold is very much a favorite item of Indian women as jewelry, so it is believed that about 24% of the world’s gold is with Indian women.
25). India is the only country where people of different religions live together such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Christianity, Islamic and Sikhism, etc. In which Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism were built in India.
26). All over the world most festivals and holidays are celebrated in India only.
27). India is the only country in the world where there is the most law for the rights of women. Meaning that if any legal action is taken, then the hearing of the woman is more in comparison to the man.
28). The Ludo game was born in India in the 6th century. You will be surprised to know that the evidence of the picture of this game is still present in the caves of Ajanta. The game was well-liked by the Mughal emperors of India.
29). Indians have contributed significantly to trigonometry, calculus, and algebra. The invention of the decimal system 100 BC took place in India itself.
30). Successful surgery was invented in India around 2600 years ago by “Sushruta“. He also played an important role in developing Ayurveda and has a record of performing many complex surgeries and operations.
31). The civilization of India is the oldest in the world, even many ancient places and buildings in the world are in India. India’s civilization dates back to Egypt and Mesopotamia.
32). 12% of scientists in America are Indians and 36% of scientists in NASA are Indians.
33). Ayurveda is the earliest known branch of medicine for mankind. Charaka, the originator of this branch of science, is considered to have started Ayurveda 2500 years ago.
34). The world produces 22 thousand tons of mint oil, out of which 19 thousand tons of oil is extracted in India alone.
35). The value of pi (π) was first discovered in the world, in the sixth century, by the Indian mathematician Budhayana.
36) Out of more than 1,000 orchid species found in India, more than 600 are found only in Arunachal Pradesh.
37). India has the largest postal system in the world.
38). 38% of doctors in the US are Indians.
39). The father of Kung Fu was an Indian Buddhist monk named Tathmoh or Bodhidharma who went from India to China around 500 AD.
40). India sells software to 90 countries.
41). Indian Railways is the largest institution in the world based on the number of employees in which more than 16 lakh employees work.
42). Jaisalmer Fort is the only unique fort in the world in which about 25 percent of the city’s population has made their home.
43). India is the world’s largest tea producer and consumer. 30% of the world’s tea is produced here, of which 25% is used.
44). The Lotus flower has the distinction of being the national flower of India as well as Vietnam.
46). The Pentium chip was invented by Vinod Dham. (Today 90% of the world’s computers run on it)
47). Approx. 34% of Microsoft employees, 28% of IBM, and 17% of Intel employees are Indians.
48). India is one of the largest film industries in the world. Also, the largest market in the world.
49). The holy city of Varanasi is the oldest city in the world.
50). Sabir Bhatia created Hotmail which is the world’s no.1 email program.
51). In 700 BC, the first university of India, Taxila opened, from which thousands of students studied spread the fragrance of the country to every corner of the world.
FAQs About India.
I). Is India a superpower?
The Republic of India is one of the emerging superpowers in the world. It is the fastest-growing economy in the world according to the CIA the World Factbook. One can consider the country as a superpower but before that many economic, social, and political problems have to be overcome.
II). What is India best known for?
The country of India is famous for its unity and religious culture. There is no doubt that India is a country that has the richest and vivid history and heritage.
III). How old is India?
The civilization of India is the oldest (25000 years old) in the world, even many ancient places and buildings in the world are in India. India’s civilization dates back to Egypt and Mesopotamia.
IV). Who found zero?
Zero (0) and its operation are first defined by an Indian astronomer and mathematician named Brahmagupta in 628 BC.